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On October 31, it completed the acquisition from Alltel of Navajo Communications , which operates lines for the Navajo community in Arizona, California, and New Mexico.

Western Trips

On January 2, , Citizens acquired lines in Pennsylvania and 20, lines in California from Alltel. On April 1 that year, it acquired Alltel Nevada , which included 23, telephone lines. Citizens acquired Ogden Telephone in Lines in North Dakota were split. Some became part of Citizens of Montana while the rest joined with lines formerly part of Contel of Minnesota to become part of Citizens Telecommunications Company of Minnesota. In , Qwest, which acquired US West in , terminated the sale because Citizens refused to complete the transaction.

Citizens sold its non-telephone divisions in the late s and early s. The following divisions were sold:. Citizens Communications acquired the Frontier name and local exchange properties from Bermuda -based Global Crossing in Global Crossing acquired the local exchange properties in when it purchased Frontier Corporation, originally Rochester Telephone Corporation.

In , Citizens acquired Commonwealth Telephone, a Pennsylvania telephone company. Citizens Communications stockholders approved changing the corporate name to Frontier Communications Corporation at the annual meeting on May 15, Verizon had been in the process of divesting its landlines in an effort to focus more on its broadband and wireless businesses. When combined with its existing subsidiary Citizens Telecommunications Company of West Virginia , Frontier became the local incumbent telephone company for all but five exchanges in the entire state.

The transition was finalized on July 1, ; in some states, Frontier was required not to raise rates, and in others, broadband access was to be expanded. Ninety-two percent of people in Frontier's existing service area had access to broadband, while just 65 percent did in the newly acquired areas, with a goal to reach 85 percent in three years.

In parts of upstate New York and other rural markets Frontier only offers DSL internet service to its customers using traditional copper wires. The company argued that these fees are necessary in order to cover the additional costs of supporting equipment that is not provisioned by Frontier itself. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Norwalk, Connecticut. Operating income. Net income. Frontier logo, Main article: FiOS from Frontier. Company profiles. Austin, Texas. Archived from the original on She now lives in Albuquerque and writes full time. Because Hazen was a journalist, trained to notice details others might miss, hers is a particularly revealing account of that life.

7 Cowgirls Who Ruled the Frontier | Stuff Mom Never Told You

Lillian Hazen reminds us that the individuality of the western character is, perhaps, its only true unifying character. It illuminates a woman's life on the Great Plains.


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Litz is an excellent storyteller who fills a niche historians often neglect. Also of Interest. Add to Cart. After her grandmother's death, Litz acquired a trunk filled with diaries, manuscripts, and scrapbooks, along with family memories and stories, which she used to construct the story of a remarkable woman's life.

Although Litz mentions historical figures and events of the age in an attempt to situate the life of her grandmother into a broader historical context, the story remains very much an individual one. Lillian Weston was the daughter of Edward Payson Weston, a professional walker and "the father of modern pedestrianism. His notoriety gave his daughter the opportunity to travel to Europe, where she explored a variety of interests.


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  • As she put it, "before I was out of my teens, I had crossed the ocean four times, studied in a French convent, lived in the Paris Latin Quarter, attended lectures at the College of France and Sorbonne, [and] been a pupil in French national art schools" p. After abandoning plans for a career as a concert pianist, she returned to the United States to become a journalist in New York City. She wrote for the New York Herald and later became a columnist. Her columns were published in several newspapers including The Helena Record in Montana. Much of the book centers on Lillian's marriage and on the ups and downs of frontier life in this era.

    Frank Hazen was a graduate of Dartmouth College and the son of a well-off Boston family, but he lost everything after the recession. They started again in Montana where Frank took a job as a bookkeeper and Lillian learned to be a resourceful frontier wife, carrying water in buckets, keeping house in a cabin, raising pigs and turkeys, and nursing her children through epidemics. Central to the narrative is Lillian Hazen's nostalgia about the lost independence of her single years in New York and her disappointment with her marriage.

    According to Litz, Frank Hazen was an uncommunicative man who "ignored the fact that he had married a competent, intelligent woman" p. His financial reverses made the situation worse and Lillian soon realized that her dreams were unlikely to be realized.