We too need encouragement 1 Thess. We too need integrity 1 Thess. We too need love 1 Thess.
We too need challenge 1 Thess. We too need hope 1 Thess. We too need virtue 1 Thess. We too need assurance 2 Thess. We too need correction 2 Thess. We too need prayer 2 Thess. We too need prodding 2 Thess. We too need peace 2 Thess. And from beginning to end, we too need grace 1 Thess.
2 Thessalonians - Bible Study - BibleWise
One day, King Jesus will split the skies and return for his people, establishing justice and renewing all things. First and Second Thessalonians are among the earliest documents we possess from the inception of the New Testament church. Only James and Galatians were written earlier. Yet despite a two-millennia gap, these letters ring with relevance for today. The Thessalonians faced intense opposition for their faith 2 Thess.
The Thessalonians had grown slack in pursuing holiness 1 Thess. The Thessalonians were unsettled because they had misunderstood their future hope 1 Thess. Because we are so seldom heavenly-minded, we are of little earthly good.
The world should not see its reflection when it peers into the church. Instead, it should see a kind of life available nowhere else. It should see the grace of Jesus, lavished on humble sinners, embodied in self-giving love. Our unbelieving friends and neighbors are clamoring after things that will never satisfy them.
They know neither why they are here nor where they are going. In short, much human sorrow and suffering are caused from ordinary stupidity. The woman who marries "the son of Ahab" is a prime example of this. She did not have to do it, but in spite of father's advice and mother's tears she married the town's profligate!
The activity of Satan is another cause. People would do well to look here for the true cause of all human suffering, not merely in the sense of his having introduced and instigated sin into the human race, but also in the sense of being an ever-active agent at the present time in promoting sin and rebellion against the laws of God. This brings suffering upon all. The innocent suffer as the result of actions of the guilty, as when a drunken driver plunges over a cliff with five young people in his car. The world we live in makes no sense at all unless there is Satan in it, organizing its evil, discouraging its saints, opposing the truth and making every conceivable effort to accomplish the total ruin of humanity.
May every man take the measure of his foe! The sins of others cause suffering in the innocent. The physician under the influence of drugs, the magistrate who takes a bribe, the careless driver, the libertine, the scoffer, the thoughtless and irreligious - all of these and countless others commit sins that result in the sufferings of others. Then there are accidental occurrences, which however cautiously guarded against may yet happen, such as an airplane accident for which no cause can be assigned; and then, suffering. Natural laws are violated inadvertently, or because they are not known and recognized, resulting in suffering which to all outward appearances is totally capricious.
We should not blame God with it, nor lose our faith, nor complain as if some unusual thing had happened. It is the grand hallmark of all life on earth. At the same time, we should not take a stoical attitude of bravado, as in Henley's "I am the captain of my soul. On the positive side, one should strive earnestly to accept suffering as Paul was admonished to accept the thorn in the flesh. That there are rich spiritual rewards to be reaped from suffering is a fact well known to all; and when called to suffering, people should be aware of this and turn all the energies of life toward their appropriation.
Some of the great literature, some of life's most beautiful songs, and some of its most noble achievements have come as a result of suffering that closed some gates and shut the achiever up to a more restricted course, or opened the eyes of the sufferer's understanding to beauties which he might otherwise never have seen. Most of all, it should be accepted in faith. There may not be an answer on this earth or in this lifetime. John the Baptist heard only the grating of the prison door as the soldiers of Herod came to lead him to the block, and Herod heard only the music and dancing; but the answer to such an injustice did not come in this life.
But surely the heart of faith can well believe that for him, of whom the Master said, "None is greater," there is reserved some compensatory reward on the eternal shore.
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May all men, even in tears, accept whatever of life's sorrows they must, assured that there is a city "where there are no tears or pain. Finally, let people, when they suffer, remember the sufferings of the Lord. He suffered for us; and, for him, there were no sedatives, no medicines, no relief. Contemplating the epic sorrows of the Christ is sufficient to cause nearly any sufferer to see that his sufferings are as nothing compared with the sufferings of Jesus.
And while we are about it, may we be also grateful for the ministration of physicians, nurses, hospitals and friends who can, and do, do so much to relieve the agony and the pain, and to brace the faithful heart against the slings and arrows of outrageous misfortune. With the angels of his power Here is another reason for seeing this as a glimpse of the final judgment. A vast number of angels are usually associated with Christ in New Testament references to the judgment.
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This is true even in the parables Matthew , For fuller study of angels, see my Commentary on Hebrews, p. In flaming fire It is positively amazing what diverse views people have taken of this. God's coming for judgment in the Old Testament is described as his coming in fire Exodus ; Daniel , What there is said of God is here ascribed to Christ. There is no need to speculate concerning the nature of the "flaming fire" that shall herald the Second Coming, for the Lord has not made it known. Fire there will be. At least one possibility is suggested in the prior comments under 2 Thessalonians VI London: Carlton and Porter, , p.
Sweet Company, Inc. Everywhere in Scripture this is the prerogative of Almighty God himself, not that of any man; and its being ascribed here as a purpose and action of the Lord Jesus Christ is another attestation of his deity. See Romans ; Hebrews and Deuteronomy But vengeance there will be. God has a score to settle with sin and with the incorrigibly wicked, and the judgment of the final day is the occasion divinely appointed to that end.
As Moffatt declared, "The repetition of the article here"  indicates two classes of people: 1 those who do not know God, and 2 those who obey not the gospel. These are usually explained as "the pagans" and "the unbelieving Jews. It means those who refuse to be baptized into Christ and to assume the duties and obligations incumbent upon all true Christians.
The most concise and the shortest definition of the "gospel" in the New Testament is in Mark ,16 , where Christ equated being baptized with the "gospel. Some of the commentators reflect the usual unwillingness to allow this obvious truth, a sample of which is comment on who obey not the gospel :. Namely, the unbelieving Jews. Those who do not obey it as a rule of life. The second expression is merely taking up and filling out the thought of the first. These are the same people described differently 2.
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There is no justification for thus toning down the clear warning of this passage. Failure to obey the gospel of Christ is failure to accept eternal life; and may all people heed it. Gloag, op. The reference of this verse is to "hell," the final destiny of the wicked; and, for somewhat extended remarks on this subject, see my Commentary on Matthew, pp.
It is only with thoughts of the greatest melancholy and sorrow that a subject such as this may be considered. Does there have to be such a place? Deep questionings of the soul are not fully answered in the sacred text, but the faithful Christian accepts as fact that which he finds no logical way of rejecting. There are two facts, universally accepted even in philosophy, to the effect that: 1 there is some kind of existence after death for every soul, and 2 that God will never finally accommodate to evil, that some judgment of it is certain; and these two propositions point logically to a place of overthrow and eternal suppression of evil.
Christ and the apostles spoke dogmatically of hell, and the believer in Christ has no alternative to the acceptance of what they said. Hendriksen's comment on this is:. The very fact that "destruction" is "everlasting" shows that it does not amount to annihilation or going out of existence. On the contrary, it denotes an existence "away from the face of the Lord and the glory of his might.
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If there is any truth in Scripture at all, then this is true - that those who stubbornly refuse to submit to the gospel of Christ, and to love and obey Jesus Christ, incur at the Last Advent an infinite and irreparable loss. They pass into a night upon which no morning dawns. When he shall come The Greek word here, according to Kelcy, "is the aorist subjunctive, a construction indicating the certainty of the event and yet the uncertainty of the time of it,"  the same being another bit of evidence that neither Christ nor any of his apostles expected the coming as a certainty in their day.
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Kelcy is also supported in this by all the other Greek scholars consulted in this work. There are two purposes of the coming here cited, but these need not be considered as a total list. Paul's use of "come" in this verse shows that the "revelation of Christ," spoken of a moment earlier, is the same as his "coming"; and, therefore, the various references to his revelation, his appearance and his coming all apply to the same event. The last sentence in this verse is considered difficult by scholars; and Morris thought that Lightfoot's paraphrase of it gives the true meaning thus:.
The meaning then being To be marveled at The full glory of Christ at the time of the Second Advent cannot even be imagined. As Adam Clarke expressed it:.
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Much as true believers may marvel at, and much as they admire the perfections of the Redeemer of mankind, and much as they wonder at his amazing condescension in becoming a man, and dying for the sins of the world; all their present amazement and wonder will be as nothing when compared with what they shall feel when they come to see him with all his glory, the glory that he had with the Father before the world was.
Kelcy, op. Mason, op. To which end we also pray always for you, that our God may count you worthy of your calling, and fulfill every desire of goodness and every work of faith, with power;.